وَالضُّحَىٰ ﴿١﴾ وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا سَجَىٰ ﴿٢﴾ مَا وَدَّعَكَ رَبُّكَ وَمَا قَلَىٰ ﴿٣﴾ وَلَلْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لَّكَ مِنَ الْأُولَىٰ ﴿٤﴾ وَلَسَوْفَ يُعْطِيكَ رَبُّكَ فَتَرْضَىٰ ﴿٥﴾ أَلَمْ يَجِدْكَ يَتِيمًا فَآوَىٰ ﴿٦﴾ وَوَجَدَكَ ضَالًّا فَهَدَىٰ ﴾ ﴿٧ ) ووجَدَدَكَ عَائِلًا فَأَغْنَىٰ ﴿٨﴾ فَأَمَّا الْيَتِيمَ فَلَا تَقْهَرْ ﴿٩﴾ وَأَمَّا السَّائِلَ فَلَا تَنْهَرْ وَأَمَّا بِنِعْمَةِ رَبِّكَ فَحَدِّثْ ﴿١١ (1) By the morning brightness (2) and the night when it is still, (3) your Lord has not abandoned you nor does He hate you. (4) The Latter will be better for you than the Former. (5) Your Lord will soon give to you and you will be satisfied. (6) Did He not find you orphaned and shelter you? (7) Did He not find you wandering and guide you? (8) Did He not find you impoverished and enrich you? (9) So as for orphans, do not oppress them, (10) and as for beggars, do not berate them. (11) And as for the blessing of your Lord, speak out! (Surah Duhaa)
This is an excerpt from the book Ad-Dowlatul-Islamiyyah (The Islamic State) by Sheikh Taqiuddin an-Nabhani. Moulding People in to One Nation The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ passed away after the entire Arabian Peninsula had entered into the fold of Islam and polytheism had been abolished. The Peninsula was under the Islamic domain, ruled comprehensively by Islam according to its ‘Aqeedah (belief) and the system that emanated from it. He ﷺ died only after Allah (most High) had perfected the Deen (way of life) completed His favour unto the Muslims and chose for them Islam as that Deen. This included the invitation of neighbouring nations and people to Islam by sending envoys to their kings and rulers as well as by dispatching expeditions to raid the Roman frontiers of Mu’tah and Tabuk.
There are two similar hadith narrated in the book Tarikh Dimashiq (History of Damascus) by Ibn `Asakir al-Dimashqi al-Shafi`i al-Ash`ari (1106–1175) related to the future capitals of the Khilafah. These are:
BY ABU YUSUF This article has been reproduced from Arabic Trench يا أَيُّهَا الَّذينَ آمَنوا إِن تَنصُرُوا اللَّهَ يَنصُركُم وَيُثَبِّت أَقدامَكُم وَالَّذينَ كَفَروا فَتَعسًا لَهُم وَأَضَلَّ أَعمالَهُم ذٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُم كَرِهوا ما أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ فَأَحبَطَ أَعمالَهُم You who have iman! if you help (in the cause of) Allah, He will help you and make your foothold firm. But those who are kafir will have utter ruin and He will make their actions go astray. That is because they hate what Allah has sent down, so He has made their actions come to nothing. (Muhammad, 47:7-9)
BY ABU YUSUF This article has been reproduced from Arabic Trench وَالْعَصْرِ إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ لَفِي خُسْرٍ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْحَقِّ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ I swear by the time, Most surely man is in loss, Except those who believe and do good, and enjoin on each other truth, and enjoin on each other patience. Introduction This chapter is placed between two other chapters that mention loss. In the previous chapter, Sura Al-Takathur, man is a loser because he was diverted by worldly gains until he visits the grave and he will then see hellfire (الْجَحِيمَ), and this is loss.
يا أَيُّهَا الَّذينَ آمَنوا لِمَ تَقولونَ ما لا تَفعَلونَ كَبُرَ مَقتًا عِندَ اللَّهِ أَن تَقولوا ما لا تَفعَلونَ You who have iman! Why do you say what you do not do? It is deeply abhorrent to Allah that you should say what you do not do. (Surah Saff, 61:2-3) The following is a translation of Dr Fadhel al Samarrai’s Tafseer of Surah Saff.
Yunus Ibn Maysarah relates that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said, هَذَا الأَمْرُ كَائِنٌ بَعْدِي بِالْمَدِينَةِ ، ثُمَّ بِالشَّامِ ، ثُمَّ بِالْجَزِيرَةِ ، ثُمَّ بِالْعِرَاقِ ، ثُمَّ بِالْمَدِينَةِ ، ثُمَّ بِبَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ ، فَإِذَا كَانَ بِبَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ فَثَمَّ عُقْرُ دَارِهَا ، وَلَنْ يُخْرِجَهَا قَوْمٌ فَتَعُودَ إِلَيْهِمْ أَبَدًا “This matter (the Caliphate) will be after me in Madinah, then in Al-Sham, then in the peninsula, then in Iraq, then in the City (Constantinople), then in Bait ul-Maqdis (Jerusalem). If it is in Bait ul-Maqdis, its home country is there, and no people will be able to remove it, so it will return to them forever.” [Ibn Asakir, 368]