There is no dispute that the burial of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, the best man who ever lived and greatest of all the prophets, was delayed. However, confusion may arise over the reasons for this delay and how to view the companions’s actions who collectively consented to this delay. This question is discussed in detail in the article Why was Prophet Muhammad’s ﷺ burial delayed?
This infographic is a summary of the branches of government below: Executive Branch of the Caliphate How are laws made in the Caliphate? House of Representatives (Majlis ul-Ummah) The Caliphate’s Judiciary
The vast territories which the Islamic State rules over are divided up in to administrative units to ease in the task of ruling. The top level division is The Province (Wiliyah) which is headed by a Governor (Wali). The Province is divided in to Districts (I’mala) which are headed by a Mayor (‘Amil). The District is sub-divided in to Cities (Qasabah) headed by a Chief Executive (Mudeer). The City is further divided in to Neighbourhoods or Quarters (Hayy) each headed by a Director (Mudeer). Traditionally a Neighbourhood consisted of 40 houses.
Please read the article How are laws made in the Caliphate? for a detailed account of the lawmaking process in the Islamic State.
During the Rightly Guided Caliphate all the Caliphs were selected freely by those who represented the opinion of the Muslims. They were given the Bay’ah (Pledge of Allegiance) on the basis of meritocracy and each of them had huge political experience. Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali had all held the position of Wazir (Delegated Assistant) which is the highest government position after the Caliph. When we look to their ages we see they were all elder statesman (excluding Hasan who became Caliph during the civil war).
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “The example of my Ummah is like the rain. It is not known whether the initial part or the latter part (of the rain) is good.” (Ahmad, Tirmidhi)
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Verily you shall conquer Constantinople. What a wonderful leader will her leader be, and what a wonderful army will that army be!” (Ahmed, Al-Hakim)